gaming pc

A Guide On How To Build A Gaming PC: Some Samples Builds

Before building your gaming PC, you need to find and buy the right parts. This can be confusing and expensive since there are several components that you need, each with a plethora of models, specs, and compatibility requirements to consider. To help you out, we created example builds from hardware available at the time of writing. The first is a high-end rig powerful enough for bleeding-edge gaming performance, and the other is a more affordable $1000 build that will run most games at decent settings.

However, please note that our example desktops are just suggestions rather than strict loadouts since many online stores are experiencing product shortages and shipping delays due to the global chip shortage. We can’t guarantee every part in our lists will be available or even the same price at a given time. In that case, refer to resources like PC Part Picker or Newb Computer Build’s example builds to find suitable replacements.

Also note that our example builds include all the necessary parts for modern PC gaming but they only cover the PC itself. Optional parts like optical drives aren’t included but you need one to play games or media off discs. We also skipped accessories but our buying guides for the best gaming mice, best gaming headset, best capture card for streaming, best gaming keyboard, and best budget gaming monitors can help round out your build.

If you want more information on how to build a gaming PC from scratch, here’s an article from Gamespot that provides step-by-step instructions on how to do it 1Another article from WePC provides a beginner’s step-by-step guide on how to build your own gaming PC 2TechRadar also has an article on how to build a PC with a step-by-step guide 3Tom’s Guide has two articles on how to build a gaming PC for beginners: one on putting it all together 4 and another on all the parts you need 5Finally, PC Gamer has a 2022 Gaming PC build guide 6 which is your guide for constructing a powerful rig to run your games and more.

 

 

Tools: For most of your build, you’ll be using a No. 2 Phillips screwdriver. However, if you’re installing M.2 SSDs into your motherboard, then you’ll want to use a smaller No. 1 Phillips screwdriver for that.

Flashlight: You’ll likely need a flashlight when installing certain cables and components into your case. Thankfully, nearly every smartphone on the market can be used as a flashlight.

Thermal paste: You’ll want a tube of thermal paste to keep your CPU’s temperature low during use. Most CPU coolers come with thermal paste already applied, which means you won’t need any extra. However, if you do end up buying a tube of thermal paste, you can clean the cooler’s paste off and use your own.

Terms to know: We’ve attempted to simplify the process of building a gaming PC as much as possible here, but if you’re not familiar with PC hardware, some of the terms in this guide may need some clarification. We’ve briefly explained some of the parts and terminology we’ll be using below. Feel free to reference this section as you work on your build.

  • GPU: Stands for graphics processing unit; another name for a graphics card. This will handle displaying images on your PC. The more elaborate and complex these images are, the more power you’ll need from your graphics card. The two big names in the graphics card game are Nvidia and AMD.
  • CPU: Handles all of the processes and calculations on your PC. For your PC, you’ll choose a CPU from either Intel or AMD.
  • Motherboard: Where all of the components are installed, allowing them to work together and perform their functions properly.
  • SATA: A type of connection used for hard drives and SSDs to transfer data.
  • PCIe: Another type of connection commonly used for graphics cards and M.2 SSDs.
  • NVMe: A type of connection protocol that can be supported by M.2 SSDs.
  • 2 SSD: An M.2 SSD is a small stick that provides your PC with storage space. You can get a SATA-based M.2 SSD or a PCIe-based M.2 SSD, the latter of which can support NVMe.
  • RAM: The RAM (or random access memory) is used to store data and information that is being processed by the CPU. The more RAM you have–paired with a good-quality processor–the faster your PC can perform its various functions.
  • Cooling system: The cooling system is used to protect the CPU from overheating.
  • PSU: The PSU (or power supply) supplies your PC and its various components with power.
  • OS: OS stands for operating system. Most gaming PCs will utilize Windows 10–it’s what we suggest–though some people may want to install Linux.

 

 

How to construct a gaming PC, say it again

Step 1: Get your motherboard ready

components: motherboard

 

Making the motherboard assembly outside of the casing will make the entire process much simpler. Installing as many components as you can before screwing it into your case is our general rule of thumb. Before you begin working on your motherboard, it’s crucial to keep in mind that you should consult its instructions as often as you can because your particular motherboard might recommend particular locations or techniques to install your components. Also bear in mind that some components need to be plugged in firmly while others only need to be placed in the appropriate slots.

 

Before installing your components, heed the following directions very carefully.

 

Assembling your PC should begin with making sure it is on a flat surface. Avoid building it on carpet since static electricity and the parts of your PC might be dangerously combined and lead to component damage. Even though it’s improbable, we nevertheless advise periodically touching your metal casing to help center yourself and prevent this from happening.

 

Instead, construct your apparatus in a room with hardwood or laminate flooring, such as a dining room or kitchen. We even went the additional mile and removed our socks. Put your motherboard on a level surface after removing it from its package. You may begin at this point.

 

Step 2: CPU installation.

The first and easiest part of your build is installing your AMD Ryzen CPU. Your motherboard’s CPU socket will be protected by a piece of plastic which you can remove when you open the tray. Gently push down on the tray’s metal arm and pull it out. Once it’s free of the tray, lift it up to open the socket and the protective plastic will fall out. Keep this plastic piece in case of any issues with your motherboard as you’ll need to reinsert it before sending it back to the manufacturer.

Your CPU socket tray ought to be open at this point, enabling you to mount your CPU on your motherboard. Your CPU’s PCB ought to have a few tiny half-circle indentations. Because the CPU socket is made to fit into these indentations, installing your CPU correctly and aligning it is simple. When you’ve worked out how to insert your CPU, do so cautiously. Simply seal the tray and ensure sure the metal arm is fixed into its original position, which may involve using a little force. Avoid placing pressure directly on the CPU.

 

Step 3: M.2 SSD installation.

M.2 SSDs are another easy step in the process, but don’t forget to refer to your manual to find out which M.2 slots you should use first. Your motherboard may have protective thermal guards on your M.2 slots, so remove those first. Once you’ve taken any guards off the motherboard, you can slot in your M.2 SSDs. These require a little bit of force to slot into their respective slots, but don’t push too hard–they should slide in quite easily. Once the M.2 SSDs are in their slots, the opposite end should be pointing upward at a diagonal angle. At this point, take the respective screw (that is often included with your motherboard), push each M.2 SSD down, and screw them into the appropriate spots. Finally, take the thermal guard and place it on top of each M.2 SSD, screwing it back into place.”

 

Install the RAM in Step 4.

components: motherboard, RAM.

Again, the instruction booklet for your motherboard should be able to tell you which sequence the RAM should be installed in. If your computer only has two RAM sticks and only has four slots, you should make sure they are separated by at least one slot in either the first and third slot or the second and fourth slot. Your motherboard documentation can provide guidance on this. This arrangement of your RAM will allow you to maximize the performance of your CPU. To begin with, make sure the plastic clips on either side of each slot you intend to use are flipped down. The RAM needs to be inserted with more force, so be sure to ramp up gradually. Your RAM is in its slot when you hear a clicking sound. The plastic clamps should flip up and grab your RAM as a result of this. Your RAM could not be correctly inserted if you see that your clips haven’t flipped up.

 

Step 5: Prepare your case for your motherboard.

Components used: Case

 

 

It’s nearly time to put your motherboard in your case, but first you’ll need to install some standoff screws to which you’ll mount your motherboard before screwing it in. These standoffs will be included with your motherboard, and once found, you may begin screwing them into your case. The standoffs should be able to fit into around a dozen holes. If you’re having difficulties finding them, see your case’s handbook. After you’ve screwed in the standoffs, you’re ready to insert your motherboard.

 

Step 6: Place your motherboard inside your case.

Motherboard and casing were utilized as components.

 

 

The standoffs make it simple to insert your motherboard into your case, but don’t begin screwing it in right away. Your motherboard’s I/O ports should fit into a gap on the rear of your chassis. It will be a rectangle, and you will want to put your motherboard comfortably into this space so that you can access all of the ports. When everything is in place, begin fastening your motherboard to the standoffs using the required screws. Keep in mind that you do not want to screw anything too firmly. Simply spin your screwdriver until everything is properly fastened, and then proceed.

 

Take a look at this article too!: The Pros and Cons of Outsourcing Your IT Support

 

Step 7: Connect your power supply unit (PSU).

Power supply, case, and motherboard were utilized.

 

Installing the power supply into your case is frequently simple. You’ll need to consult the instructions for your individual case for this, but it’s rather simple. First, we fitted our case’s mounting bracket onto the rear of our power supply. You’ll notice a fan on your power supply, which is utilized to circulate air. If you intend to place your finished gaming PC on a hardwood floor or desk, aim the fan downward; if you intend to place your gaming PC on a carpeted surface, point the fan upward.

 

Once you’ve determined which direction your power supply should be angled, and After you’ve screwed on the mounting bracket, just slip it into your case and secure the bracket’s screws. Depending on how much space you have for your PSU, you may want to wait until you’ve connected in all of its numerous power wires before screwing it in.

 

Step 8: Connect any SATA hard drives/SSDs.

SATA drives, chassis, and power supply were utilized.

 

Now that the power supply has been fitted, you can begin attaching any SATA hard drives or SSDs. Your case should include a bay area allocated to these types of drives. Locate this region, then check for two metal clasps on the left and right sides of each bay. Squeeze these clasps and then pull the bay out. This is where you’ll be able to screw in your SATA drive and maintain it sturdy within your casing. After that, reinstall the bay and connect a SATA and PSU wire to your hard drive. Locate the SATA slot on your motherboard and insert the other end of the relevant cable, then connect the other end of the PSU cable to your power supply. Your drive has now been installed, however it will need to be formatted once your PC is up and running.

 

Step 9: Connect the power and case wires to the motherboard.

 

Case, power supply, and motherboard were utilized.

 

You may now begin connecting connections to your motherboard. Because your case wires are so small and difficult to orient, this step demands some patience. During this phase, you should refer to both your case and motherboard instructions. Some motherboards, like as our Aorus Ultra, provide a bus into which you may plug the case cables before inserting them into the motherboard. This simplifies the process considerably.

 

Because of your case connections, you may utilize the numerous ports on the front of your PC in addition to the power button. Of course, if you don’t plug your power supply into your motherboard, nothing will happen when you hit that button. Plug the 24-pin ATX and EPS12V cables into their proper slots on the motherboard and power supply. All of your power lines, including fans, SATA drives, and your cooling system, will be plugged into the PSU.

 

Step 10: Set up your CPU cooling system.

Cooling system, CPU, and motherboard

 

Installing your cooling system might be a bit nerve-racking, especially when applying thermal paste, but it’s a lot easier than it seems. The first step is to secure the system’s bracket to the motherboard. You’ll need access to the rear of the motherboard tray since you’ll be screwing a portion of it to the back of the tray. This will show you where to mount the cooler’s pump on your CPU and motherboard. However, there are a few more measures to do before.

 

Liquid-based CPU cooling solutions include a radiator with fans that you will need to screw into your case.

 

Of course, you’ll need to decide where you want to put it. We recommend inserting it into your case’s top grill to increase airflow, but certain cases may not have a top grill and you’ll have to install it on the rear. Once you’ve decided which position to go with, screw the radiator onto the grill itself. After that, you’re ready to connect the pump.

 

First, you should apply some thermal paste. Some coolers arrive with thermal paste already applied; if that’s the case, your cooler’s thermal paste is probably up to the task, and you may skip this step.

 

If you purchased thermal paste, you may easily remove it from the cooler with a dry towel. Apply a pea-sized amount of thermal paste to the middle of your CPU. Always go smaller than larger throughout this phase. After applying the cooler, push it into place on the CPU and thermal paste. If you mistakenly applied too much thermal paste, don’t worry: simply wipe the CPU down with a dry cloth and rubbing alcohol and try again.

 

After you’ve installed the pump, check sure all of your cooling system’s connections are properly connected. We needed to connect one side of the pump to your motherboard and the other side to your pump.

 

Step 11: Begin managing your cables.

Case was employed as a component.

 

 

Before we go to the final stage of physically assembling your PC, you may wish to tidy up the cables. This will allow for some air circulation and access to your components if you decide to update later. Although most cases include Velcro straps or zip ties, I usually keep a bag of Velcros on available just in case. The case we chose, Fractal’s Meshify C, has an excellent cable management space with a series of Velcro straps. It may be found on the rear of the motherboard tray. We were able to fit all of our wires into this area and keep them securely attached. We only utilized zip ties for our CPU cooling system’s cables, which were thin and numerous. This made it easy for us to guide them through the holes in our case to the proper location. Just be careful not to overtighten your zip ties, since this might harm your cords.

 

Install your graphics card in step 12.

Graphics card and motherboard were utilized.

 

Finally, it’s time to talk about the part you’re probably most thrilled about. The graphics card is simple to set up. To begin, remove an adequate number of expansion slot inserts from the back of your case to accommodate your graphics card. This varies depending on the GPU, but two is typically a fair number–our MSI GeForce RTX 2080 Ti takes up two. After unscrewing and removing them, determine which PCIe Express slot your card will need to be inserted into, then flip the plastic notch at the far end of the slot downward to prepare for installation.

 

All that remains is to align the graphics card with the PCIe Express slot and then push down until the plastic notch flips up and snaps. Again, you don’t need much effort to put it in, but you will need to press the graphics card into its slot until you hear the click. When you hear that, you may put your graphics card mounting brackets into the chassis using the screws and holes in the expansion slot.

 

To power your graphics card, connect it to your power source at this point. (Because low-end graphics cards don’t often require extra power, you may skip this step.) Take the necessary wires included with your power supply, connect one end to the graphics card and the other to the PSU. It’s fine if some of the cables go unused; just make sure that every port on the graphics card has a portion of the wire plugged in

 

Step 13: Install your operating system Materials used: USB thumb drive, casing

 

 

After you’ve established that your PC is neat and that all of your wires are in order, connect an HDMI cable to your PC and link the other end into a display. Connect the power cord to your PSU and the other end to an outlet before flipping the power switch on the back of your PC to the “On” position. If your PC turns on when you press the power button, you’re halfway there.

 

At this stage, you’ll need another PC and a fast USB drive with at least 8GB of storage (we recommend the SanDisk Extreme Pro). You should then go to Microsoft and follow the instructions there. This will assist you in creating an installation device from your USB drive, which you can then insert into your PC before powering it up. When you boot up your computer, it should immediately begin the Windows 10 installation process. Follow the instructions here and then wait for it to install. After that, you should be ready to go, however you will need to purchase a Windows 10 license from Microsoft. If you do this from your new PC, it will immediately activate. You’re ready to go, excepting the installation of an optical drive, if you opted to acquire one.

 

Frequent Questions and Answers

 

If your computer does not power on,

If your computer won’t boot, don’t panic: it’s not the end of the world. There are a lot of factors that might cause a PC to fail to boot on the first attempt, and all but product problems are simply remediable. Here are some troubleshooting tips for your underpowered PC.

 

Is the power supply hooked into a power source?

 

This is an easy repair. Simply plug in your PC and you should be set to go.

 

Is the switch on the power supply switched on?

 

Before turning on your power supply, make sure the switch is in the ‘On’ position. This is an easily ignored issue with an equally simple cure.

 

Are your power supply wires correctly positioned in the motherboard?

 

The next item you should double-check is this. Reconnecting the connections may be all that is required to provide power to your PC.

 

Are your case’s cables correctly hooked into your motherboard?

 

It’s critical to do this step right because if you press your case’s power button and its unique cable isn’t put in correctly, your PC won’t boot. Some motherboards provide a serial bus into which you may hook your case’s connections before connecting to the motherboard.

 

Are your parts properly installed?

 

This is the last thing to check because it might take the most time. Reconnecting your RAM and CPU, or simply swapping the RAM sticks into different slots could be the solution you’re looking for.

If all of this fails, your components may be faulty.

 

Unfortunately, this is possible. When creating a PC, you may discover that one of your components isn’t operating properly. You should now contact the maker of your part and inquire about their return policy. You don’t have to worry because the great majority of major PC component manufacturers offer return policies that cover damaged components. It may just take a bit longer to get used to your brand-new gaming machine.

 

If you want your gaming PC to have assistant, contact us!

 

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